Why isn’t Austria a Part of Germany?
Austria is a beautiful country in Central Europe with almost nine million people, where Austrians. The main ethnic group are around 83% of the population ‘Austrians’, in German: ‘Österreicher’ or a Germanic nation an ethnic group native to modern Austria The German language is spoken by these people There isn’t a language called the ‘Austrian language’ the name of this country ‘Osterreich’ derives from the old high German Which meant eastern real and appeared for the first time in a document of the year 996* Austria is an old state dating back hundreds of years ago being one of the German duchies and states which were present In central Europe and it was part of the Holy Roman Empire but after some centuries and I’m going to present some details in a few minutes due to some historical facts sprinkled with some Nationalism the german state was born and the ethnic ideal of the germans had been reached But Austria didn’t join Germany somehow somewhere things didn’t click as in that times and as today Austrians are related as ethnic Germans.
They are speaking the language and they have similar traditions and culture, Of course, some differences existed and still exist in German space from north to south but you get the idea Knowing all this, We can ask ourselves? Why isn’t Austria a part of Germany? To find the answer we have to dig deep into history This land was part of the Frankish Empire Which collapsed at some point and was divided into three parts West Francia, which will become France Middle Frankie, which will be divided and annexed in time, and East Francia Which will become the German Kingdom later known as the Holy Roman Empire Austria came under the rule of the German King Rudolf the 1st of Habsburg beginning a dynasty that would last through 7 centuries The 15th and early 16th century.
So considerable expansion of the Habsburg territories by the 16th centuries Austria had also inherited the kingdoms of Bohemia and Hungary and In the next decades the state had difficult times in war and diplomacy against the Ottomans or anti-Habsburgs But they managed the tough situation Pretty well and slowly in time Austria became bigger and surely a big power in the region and the biggest German force Ater the Napoleonic Wars the Holy Roman Empire ceased to exist and Congress of Vienna was held in order to create a long piece in Europe after this Congress Austria became part of the German Confederation Which was an association of 39 german-speaking states in Central Europe But Austria wasn’t the single German power in the region anymore The Confederation was weakened by Revolution and by rivalry between Kingdom of Prussia and the Austrian Empire in 1848 Revolutions by liberals and nationalists attempted to establishing an unified German state with a progressive liberal Constitution under the Frankfort Convention But it was a failure.
The German side wasn’t established yet. The Austro-Prussian war Happened in 1866 in which Prussia imposed as the major German power The war meant the end of the German Confederation and the creation of the North German Confederation Which was a federal new state. This was a Prussian attempt to form the German nation in the Austrian case The Austria-Hungary compromise happened in which Hungary re-established its sovereignty after some centuries the German Empire or “Deutsche Reich” was established in 1871 after a war between Prussia and France This new empire was dominated and unified by Prussia Which wanted to gain control over all countries with German ethnics.
They were ruled by the family of Hohenzollern meanwhile, Austria was a country ruled by the Habsburgs and still a big power now in a dualism the size of the Empire was the second largest in Europe and if we are speaking about a number of people It was the third of the Russia and Germany with 55 million people Meanwhile the Habsburgs were busy in their power games in south in the north Prussia stabilized its region until it came under a unified Empire So politics and ideologies of some royal families were critical in what would happen in the history of Germans The German Empire was mainly based on German ethnicity and nationality Meanwhile, the Austrian Empire with its new name Austria-Hungary was a multi-ethnic Empire in which many culturally different ethnicities existed Austrians and Hungarians were minorities in this Empire again The Habsburgs focused on its internal problems the Empire started to feel the rise of nationalism Until the First World War the German Empire and Austria-Hungary were still rivals on the dominance of Central Europe Before the First World War when Europe was in turmoil two teams were made the Andante.
And the Triple Alliance The Triple Alliance or the Central Powers was created by Germany Austria-Hungary and Italy in 1882 This period is very important to take in consideration Because somehow even if the German state was born and it was a power in Europe Austria was left outside the German borders Ruling a stretched Empire with so many nationalities in it the conflict started in 1914 as we probably know I hope you do! Italy didn’t join the Central Powers and Switch to Antena and even if the Central Powers had some victories on both fronts The situation was hard to manage and the war was lost for them The rebellions and the rise of nationalism in this Empire reached his peak If you want to learn more about the war did Austria-Hungary clubs already made a video that and we can check that out in the description After this major great conflict some nations gained their independence or their freedom.
Austria was reduced to small country due to the initiative living in this space from 1918 to 1938 a period of stability Existed somehow because the country was after the war and it couldn’t be possible to reach a full peace and stability in this territory The administration was changed. The old borders were broken and the new ones brought some Frustration and anger to the population and the new country As I said both nations were frustrated in some way there existed support from people in both, Austria and Germany for a union of these two countries after the Empire collapsed the New Republic was proclaimed The Republic of German Austria in 1918.
but a feeling for the Union existed but the eyes blocked the idea and after the Treaty of San Germain, the country changed its name from German Austria to the Republic of Austria After this massive loss for these two countries The right-wing nationalist party started to grow the new Weimar Republic in Germany proved to be a pretty bad administration and the economic crisis hit harder in the population the support for the new party grew in Germany and in 1933 they had a power Adolph was an Austrian-born German at the border with Germany. He saw the poverty and the problems and true frustration and anger.
He dreamed to a Big unified prosperous Germany believing that Austria is a true German land Separate from its Vaterland due to the politics and due to the pride of Monarchs the Anschluss of Austria happened 1938 at the pressure of the Germans but even some of the Austrians who wanted this union at that time Believing that with this union the total German unification could bring more wealth happiness and prosperity Germany lost the war in the final again Austria gained its independence and the country was divided between West and East Germany. So from one to three German-speaking countries after the Second World War, there has been no serious effort Among the citizens or political parties to unite Germany and Austria the allied and associated powers Declared that political or economic union between Austrian German is prohibited the Austrian state treaty Forbids such a union and the Constitution required Austrian neutrality.
Austria began to develop a separate national identity from Germany in 1987 just six percent Identified as Germans also many more know that they are speaking the German language their brothers or same people by ethnicity But Austria maintained itself separated having a big history behind in which was in part of an unified, Germany These reasons about his history plus in addition the fact that they managed to remain separated after the Second World War developing its identity plus the fact that they were focusing more on differences instead of similarities knowing that a Slightly difference in accent and in language exists here in there and because of religion which could be a major role in their separation Both nations are even Schengen members and the people have the free world to pass from one to another country Practically these countries have no such restrictions and it’s like a real one country But with separate governments in this case for many a union could be seen as uselessness.